Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, chronic condition that occurs in the scalp, eyebrows, ears, nose, and chest. This rash is commonly known as dandruff. It is not contagious and runs a chronic course. Symptoms may flare and improve over a period of time. Topical prescription medications can improve symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis. What to Read Next on Medscape How is seborrhoeic dermatitis diagnosed? INFECTIOUS DISEASES Email* Giving to Mayo Clinic Health Solutions A thick layer of scale can cover the entire scalp. Eczema & Child Development Dermatitis Postdoctoral Fellowships Seborrheic dermatitis is a papulosquamous disorder patterned on the sebum-rich areas of the scalp, face, and trunk (see the image below). In addition to sebum, this dermatitis is linked to Malassezia, [1] immunologic abnormalities, and activation of complement. Its severity ranges from mild dandruff to exfoliative erythroderma. constipation Colorectal Cancer Seborrheic dermatitis often appears on the scalp, where symptoms may range from dry flakes (dandruff) to yellow, greasy scales with reddened skin. Patients can also develop seborrheic dermatitis on other oily areas of their body, such as the face, upper chest and back. There are many natural treatments that can add to medical treatments. For young children, someone should always talk to a doctor before using any of these products. This is because there is very little research on their effects and safety in children. The diagnosis is most often made clinically. The following tests may be useful if questions still remain: Skin biopsy may be helpful but is rarely indicated. Histological findings specific to seborrhoeic dermatitis are superficial perivascular and perifollicular inflammatory infiltrates, psoriasiform hyperplasia, and parakeratosis around follicular openings. Print the entire contents of article Images The differential diagnosis of seborrheic dermatitis includes: Reddish color. Connect With Us Sun Protection for Skin of Color NCBI Help Manual Member resources Seborrheic dermatitis is thought to be related to overgrowth of or an inflammatory response to Malassezia species, a fungal member of the normal skin flora. SD is a lifelong condition that comes and goes. It is best controlled and managed with treatment. Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin disorder that mainly affects the scalp, causing itchy, yellow or white patchy scales or thick crusts that may attach to the hair shaft, as seen in the lower left side of the image. About the CME program You must be a registered member of Infectious Disease Advisor to post a comment. See the DermNet NZ bookstore. You must be a registered member of Infectious Disease Advisor to post a comment. Contact dermatitis, tenderness, xeroderma History findings in seborrheic dermatitis may include the following: NCBI on Twitter It is beefy red. Formulary Always follow your dermatologist’s instructions. Using a treatment more often than prescribed or longer than prescribed can cause side effects. Meet with your congressional district office Armpits. What laboratory studies should you order and what should you expect to find? Share Store customer service Topical corticosteroids Become a member An irregular response of the immune system Most Popular Articles 2-5% of the normal population urine discoloration Your use of this website constitutes acceptance of Haymarket Media's Privacy Policy and Terms & Conditions. For the body:  Wash daily with a gently cleanser that has 2% zinc pyrithione, followed by a moisturizer. To further soften scale, use a cream containing salicylic acid and sulfur or coal tar. White or yellowish crusty flakes Fish oil Last reviewed Sat 26 August 2017 Last reviewed Sat 26 Aug 2017 The following factors are sometimes associated with severe adult seborrhoeic dermatitis: Seborrheic dermatitis may affect any hair-bearing area, and the chest is frequently involved. Courtesy of Wilford Hall Medical Center Dermatology Teaching slides. Find a Job FSMB Interstate Compact 29. Firooz A, Solhpour A, Gorouhi F, et al. Pimecrolimus cream, 1%, vs hydrocortisone acetate cream, 1%, in the treatment of facial seborrheic dermatitis: a randomized, investigator-blind, clinical trial. Arch Dermatol. 2006;142(8):1066–1067. CME transcript Indoor tanning Full Text Sources Other Literature Sources How To redness CME & Education Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Visit our Dermatology category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Dermatology. Dermatology Education How to get rid of a blind pimple State policy McKnight's Senior Living Career planning International Society Meeting Travel Grant Rashes Getting plenty of sunlight can also stop the growth of yeast that inflames skin, during a SD flare-up. A dermatologist diagnoses seborrheic dermatitis by: REFERENCESshow all references INFECTIOUS DISEASE ADVISOR GOOGLE PLUS GenBank Submit Data How to get rid of a blind pimple Selenium sulfide shampoo DW Weekly Most Popular Articles Condition Distinguishing features Seborrheic Dermatitis Topics Belew PW, Rosenberg EW, Jennings BR. Activation of the alternative pathway of complement by Malassezia ovalis (Pityrosporum ovale). Mycopathologia. 1980 Mar 31. 70(3):187-91. [Medline]. Clinical Charts Administration, Cutaneous Compliance Methotrexate and Azathioprine for Severe Atopic Dermatitis Next article >> Itch and burning Familial tendency to seborrhoeic dermatitis or a family history of psoriasis DermCare Team Poison Ivy Mayo Clinic School of Medicine Treatment Options by Disease Location. lotions The prevalence rate of seborrheic dermatitis is 3-5%, with a worldwide distribution. In the United States alone, $300 million is spent annually on dandruff over-the-counter treatments. [25] Dandruff, the mildest form of this dermatitis, is probably far more common and is present in an estimated 15-20% of the population. The Cardiology Advisor 28. Rigopoulos D, Ioannides D, Kalogeromitros D, Gregoriou S, Katsambas A. Pimecrolimus cream 1% vs. betamethasone 17-valerate 0.1% cream in the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis. A randomized open-label clinical trial. Br J Dermatol. 2004;151(5):1071–1075. Irritation, pruritus, xeroderma Ketoconazole 2% cream, foam (Extina), or gel (Xolegel) 2002 1108312-overview Diseases & Conditions Swollen and greasy appearance. Related Content OnHealth How do I know if I have seborrheic dermatitis? allergic contact dermatitis | fungal dermatitis allergic contact dermatitis | granulomatous dermatitis allergic contact dermatitis | hand dermatitis
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