Many infants get cradle cap. This is a type of seborrheic dermatitis (seb-uh-ree-ick dur-muh-tahy-tis) that develops in babies. Scaly, greasy patches form on the baby’s scalp. The patches can become thick and crusty, but cradle cap is harmless. Cradle cap usually goes away on its own within a few months. NA = not available. Erythroderma. (2016, December 24). Retrieved from All How To Learn More SIMILAR ARTICLES The prevalence rate of seborrheic dermatitis is 3-5%, with a worldwide distribution. In the United States alone, $300 million is spent annually on dandruff over-the-counter treatments. [25] Dandruff, the mildest form of this dermatitis, is probably far more common and is present in an estimated 15-20% of the population. Media relations toolkit Facebook constipation Adults and adolescents: Skin care Leadership Institute FEATURED SERVICES Popular All categories Preventing Dermatitis Seborrheic dermatitis: Diagnosis and treatment Books and more - Mayo Clinic Marketplace The mainstay of therapy remains topical antifungals with creams, gels, foams, liquids, and shampoos. 4370 Lorimer Road, Suite 334B Whistler, BC, Canada (604) 283-1887 Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory dermatologic condition that usually appears on areas of the body with a large density of sebaceous glands, such as the scalp, face, chest, back, axilla, and groin. Although it can be associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection and neurologic disease (e.g., cerebrovascular event, Parkinson disease),1 seborrheic dermatitis typically occurs in healthy persons. Its prevalence is 1% to 3% in the general population and 34% to 83% in immunocompromised persons.2 It has a bimodal distribution, with peaks at two to 12 months of age and in adolescence and early adulthood.2 It is more common in men and is typically more severe in cold and dry climates and during periods of increased stress.3 Read the Issue Considered a chronic form of eczema, seborrheic dermatitis appears on the body where there are a lot of oil-producing (sebaceous) glands like the upper back, nose and scalp. The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown, although genes and hormones play a role. Microorganisms that live on the skin naturally can also contribute to seborrheic dermatitis. Sleep Apnea May Raise Odds for Painful Gout About NCBI Accesskeys Our Structure Hair & Nail Conditions PubMed Painful skin / joints abdominal cramping Nucleotide Genome Data Viewer (GDV) One or several coin-shaped plaques on extremities, typically on backs of hands Histologic Findings Video library Moisturizers What causes seborrheic dermatitis? View Media Gallery See Treatment and Medication for more detail.   Patient information: A handout on this topic is available at Learn benefits & Join us! Master Dermatologist Award All DNA & RNA Resources... Online Learning Center ESPAÑOL What are the symptoms? Burning, cough, fever, hypopigmentation, pruritus, rhinorrhea, skin atrophy Treatment For Children Patient advocates Fluocinolone 0.01% shampoo (Capex) Search term Scalp Problems Scale is often yellow to brownish in color. Diagnosis of scalp rashes Sponsors Donate Website terms FAQ Advertising policy Privacy policy Image licence Newsletter Volunteer Submit a photo Eczema Products Fish oil See Workup for more detail. Professionally-verified articles Drug Interaction Checker 877-229-8291 (This book evaluates the evidence for treatments for many different diseases of the skin.) Bent Fingers? FAQs Administration, Oral Most infants seem unbothered by seborrheic dermatitis. Cradle cap sometimes itches. Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) In the middle part of the chest urine discoloration Seborrhoeic dermatitis affects scalp, face (creases around the nose, behind ears, within eyebrows) and upper trunk. Goldust M, Rezaee E, Raghifar R. Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis: comparison of sertaconazole 2 % cream versus pimecrolimus 1 % cream. Ir J Med Sci. 2013 Dec. 182 (4):703-6. [Medline]. Eye Health Rejuvapen Sponsorship Edition: ENGLISH DEUTSCH ESPAÑOL FRANÇAIS PORTUGUÊS WHAT'S THE EVIDENCE for specific management and treatment recommendations? What are the best treatments for seborrheic dermatitis? Meet the Staff The usual onset occurs with puberty. It peaks at age 40 years and is less severe, but present, among older people. In infants, it occurs as cradle cap or, uncommonly, as a flexural eruption or erythroderma. [26] The Cardiology Advisor Remote Consultations for "Second Opinion" BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) Melasma Medical Reference Yellow, greasy scale on the scalp. Boards study tools Health tips, wellness advice and more. Genome Workbench Seborrheic dermatitis is a papulosquamous disorder patterned on the sebum-rich areas of the scalp, face, and trunk (see the image below). In addition to sebum, this dermatitis is linked to Malassezia, [1] immunologic abnormalities, and activation of complement. Its severity ranges from mild dandruff to exfoliative erythroderma. acute dermatitis | stasis dermatitis treatment acute dermatitis | sunburn relief acute dermatitis | topical dermatitis
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